Functional urinary incontinence differential diagnosis

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sadaf Sharfaei M.D.[2], Syed Hassan A. Kazmi BSc, MD [3]

Differential diagnosis of functional urinary incontinence

To review complete differential diagnosis of various urinary incontinence, click here.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

To review differential diagnosis of urge urinary incontinence, click here.

To review differential diagnosis of stress urinary incontinence, click here.

To review differential diagnosis of overflow urinary incontinence, click here.

To review differential diagnosis of mixed urinary incontinence, click here.

Category Diseases Type of incontinence Clinical manifestations Lab Findings Gold standard Associated findings
Symptoms Signs
Loss of consciousness Fever Pelvic pain Urinary symptoms Blood Pressure Neurological deficit Urine residue UA Other
Urge Stress Overflow Functional Dysuria Frequency Dribbling Nocturia
Neurological diseases Stroke[9] + + ± + ± + + ++ ↑/↓ + < 50 ml Pyuria ± NA Imaging
Alzheimer's disease[10][11] + + + + ± ± + + ++ Nl + < 50 ml Pyuria ± NA Clinical manifestations


  1. "" (PDF).
  2. Brown JS, Bradley CS, Subak LL, Richter HE, Kraus SR, Brubaker L, Lin F, Vittinghoff E, Grady D (May 2006). "The sensitivity and specificity of a simple test to distinguish between urge and stress urinary incontinence". Ann. Intern. Med. 144 (10): 715–23. PMC 1557357. PMID 16702587.
  3. Holroyd-Leduc JM, Tannenbaum C, Thorpe KE, Straus SE (March 2008). "What type of urinary incontinence does this woman have?". JAMA. 299 (12): 1446–56. doi:10.1001/jama.299.12.1446. PMID 18364487.
  4. Videla FL, Wall LL (June 1998). "Stress incontinence diagnosed without multichannel urodynamic studies". Obstet Gynecol. 91 (6): 965–8. PMID 9611005.
  5. DuBeau CE, Kuchel GA, Johnson T, Palmer MH, Wagg A (2010). "Incontinence in the frail elderly: report from the 4th International Consultation on Incontinence". Neurourol. Urodyn. 29 (1): 165–78. doi:10.1002/nau.20842. PMID 20025027.
  6. "Diagnosis of Urinary Incontinence - American Family Physician".
  7. Frank C, Szlanta A (November 2010). "Office management of urinary incontinence among older patients". Can Fam Physician. 56 (11): 1115–20. PMC 2980426. PMID 21075990.
  8. Imam KA (2004). "The role of the primary care physician in the management of bladder dysfunction". Rev Urol. 6 Suppl 1: S38–44. PMC 1472846. PMID 16985854.
  9. Gibson J, Thomas LH, Harrison JJ, Watkins CL (March 2018). "Stroke survivors' and carers' experiences of a systematic voiding programme to treat urinary incontinence after stroke". J Clin Nurs. doi:10.1111/jocn.14346. PMID 29517816. Vancouver style error: initials (help)
  10. Lee, Hsiang-Ying; Li, Ching-Chia; Juan, Yung-Shun; Chang, Yu-Han; Yeh, Hsin-Chih; Tsai, Chia-Chun; Chueh, Kuang-Shun; Wu, Wen-Jeng; Yang, Yuan-Han (2016). "Urinary Incontinence in Alzheimer's Disease". American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementiasr. 32 (1): 51–55. doi:10.1177/1533317516680900. ISSN 1533-3175.
  11. Drennan, Vari M.; Rait, Greta; Cole, Laura; Grant, Robert; Iliffe, Steve (2013). "The prevalence of incontinence in people with cognitive impairment or dementia living at home: A systematic review". Neurourology and Urodynamics. 32 (4): 314–324. doi:10.1002/nau.22333. ISSN 0733-2467.