Follicular thyroid cancer (patient information)

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Follicular thyroid cancer


What are the symptoms?

What are the causes?

Who is at highest risk?


When to seek urgent medical care?

Treatment options

Where to find medical care for Follicular thyroid cancer?


What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?

Possible complications

Follicular thyroid cancer On the Web

Ongoing Trials at Clinical

Images of Follicular thyroid cancer

Videos on Follicular thyroid cancer

FDA on Follicular thyroid cancer

CDC on Follicular thyroid cancer

Follicular thyroid cancer in the news

Blogs on Follicular thyroid cancer

Directions to Hospitals Treating Follicular thyroid cancer

Risk calculators and risk factors for Follicular thyroid cancer

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Thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck which makes hormones to help the body work normally. Follicular thyroid cancer is a cancer that starts in the thyroid gland. Follicular thyroid cancer doesn't have any early symptoms. With the development of the cancer, usual symptoms include a lump that can be felt through the skin on your neck, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, pain in the neck and throat and swollen lymph nodes in the neck. Treatments include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, thyroid hormone therapy or a combination of them.

What are the symptoms of follicular thyroid cancer?

  • Early follicular thyroid cancer does not have any symptoms. As the tumor grows larger, people may notice one or more of the following symptoms:
  • A person with any of these symptoms should tell the doctor so that the problems can be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.
  • Diseases with similar symptoms are listed in the following:

What causes follicular thyroid cancer?

  • People who have had radiation therapy to the neck are at higher risk.
  • People who received radiation therapy as children are at increased risk of developing follicular thyroid cancer.
  • Other risk factors are a family history of follicular thyroid cancer and chronic goiter.

Who is at highest risk?

Clinical data have suggested that the development of follicular thyroid cancer is related to several factors.

  • A diet low in iodine: Clinical survey shows follicular thyroid cancers are more common in areas where people's diets are low in iodine.
  • [[[Radiation]]: Scientists have proven that radiation exposure is a risk factor for follicular thyroid cancer. Such radiation includes medical treatments and [[radiation\\ fallout from power plant accidents or nuclear weapons.
  • Hereditary conditions: Studies show people with certain inherited medical conditions such as Gardner syndrome, Cowden disease, and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) are at higher risk of developing follicular thyroid cancer.
  • Gender: Contrary to other cancers, follicular thyroid cancers occur more often in women than in men.
  • Age: Clinical data show that papillary and follicular thyroid cancer are usually found in people between the ages of 20 and 60 years.


Your doctor will perform a physical exam. This may reveal a lump in the thyroid, or swollen lymph nodes in the neck. The following tests may be done:

When to seek urgent medical care?

Call your health care provider if symptoms of thyroid cancer develop.

Treatment options

In order to diagnose medullary thyroid cancer, your doctor may suggest the following tests:

  • Patients with medullary thyroid cancer have many treatment options. The selection depends on the stage of the tumor. The options are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, thyroid hormone treatment, or a combination of these methods. Before treatment starts, ask your health care team about possible side effects and how treatment may change your normal activities. Because cancer treatments often damage healthy cells and tissues, side effects are common. Side effects may not be the same for each person, and they may change from one treatment session to the next.

Medications to avoid

Patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer should avoid using the following medications:

  • Liraglutide
    If you have been diagnosed with thyroid cancer, consult your physician before starting or stopping any of these medications.

Where to find medical care for follicular thyroid cancer?

Directions to Hospitals Treating thyroid cancer

Prevention of Follicular Thyroid Cancer

  • The reasons for the development of follicular thyroid cancer are not clear.

What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?

The prognosis of follicular thyroid cancer depends on the following:

Possible complications



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