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WikiDoc Resources for Enteritis


Most recent articles on Enteritis

Most cited articles on Enteritis

Review articles on Enteritis

Articles on Enteritis in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ


Powerpoint slides on Enteritis

Images of Enteritis

Photos of Enteritis

Podcasts & MP3s on Enteritis

Videos on Enteritis

Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Enteritis

Bandolier on Enteritis

TRIP on Enteritis

Clinical Trials

Ongoing Trials on Enteritis at Clinical Trials.gov

Trial results on Enteritis

Clinical Trials on Enteritis at Google

Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Enteritis

NICE Guidance on Enteritis


FDA on Enteritis

CDC on Enteritis


Books on Enteritis


Enteritis in the news

Be alerted to news on Enteritis

News trends on Enteritis


Blogs on Enteritis


Definitions of Enteritis

Patient Resources / Community

Patient resources on Enteritis

Discussion groups on Enteritis

Patient Handouts on Enteritis

Directions to Hospitals Treating Enteritis

Risk calculators and risk factors for Enteritis

Healthcare Provider Resources

Symptoms of Enteritis

Causes & Risk Factors for Enteritis

Diagnostic studies for Enteritis

Treatment of Enteritis

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME Programs on Enteritis


Enteritis en Espanol

Enteritis en Francais


Enteritis in the Marketplace

Patents on Enteritis

Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Enteritis

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief:

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ICD-10 A02-A09, K50-K55
ICD-9 005, 008, 009, 555-558
MeSH D004751


Enteritis is the inflammation of the small intestine (inflammation of the large intestine is termed colitis, while enterocolitis refers to an inflammation of both the large and small intestine.).

Historical Perspective




Differentiating Enteritis from Other Diseases

Cardiovascular No underlying causes
Chemical / poisoning No underlying causes
Dermatologic No underlying causes
Drug Side Effect Floxuridine, Oxcarbazepine, Pramipexole
Ear Nose Throat No underlying causes
Endocrine No underlying causes
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic No underlying causes
Genetic No underlying causes
Hematologic No underlying causes
Iatrogenic No underlying causes
Infectious Disease No underlying causes
Musculoskeletal / Ortho No underlying causes
Neurologic No underlying causes
Nutritional / Metabolic No underlying causes
Oncologic No underlying causes
Opthalmologic No underlying causes
Overdose / Toxicity No underlying causes
Psychiatric No underlying causes
Pulmonary No underlying causes
Renal / Electrolyte No underlying causes
Rheum / Immune / Allergy No underlying causes
Trauma No underlying causes
Miscellaneous No underlying causes

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications, and Prognosis

Natural History




Diagnostic Criteria

History and Symptoms

Symptoms may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, abdominal distension and hematochezia.

If there is vomiting, gastroenteritis is the more correct diagnosis.

Generally a good history is the most important tool in distinguishing serious cases of enteritis from self-limiting ones. The presence of blood in the faeces, dehydration, cutaneous eruptions, presumed link with food exposure, as well as recent travel to endemic areas can prompt further investigation.

Acute enteritis is usually due to bacteria or viruses. When food is involved, foodborne illness is to be suspected. If other family members or members of the household are affected, this may signify infectious causes.

Chronic enteritis can be due to Crohn's disease, giardiasis, tuberculosis, coeliac disease, or rarely due to Whipple's disease.

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy

Viral diarrhea is usually self-limiting and is treated with rehydration. When bacterial causes are suspected (recent travel, food poisoning), antibiotics can be considered.

Chronic enteritides are treated according to the diagnosis (please refer to individual articles).



See also



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