Bronchiectasis laboratory findings
Bronchiectasis laboratory findings On the Web
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Bronchiectasis laboratory findings
There are both routine investigations and special case investigations. Routine investigations include sputum analysis, full blood count, and quantitative immunoglobulin levels. Cystic fibrosis and autoimmune testing are done if the patient is suspected of having an underlying condition.
Bronchiectasis Laboratory Findings
The laboratory findings of bronchiectasis are as follows:
- Dittrich plugs (foul smelling masses of bacteria), white or yellow concretions
- A gram stain and culture should be performed
- A smear and culture should be performed for Mycobacterium and fungi
- Sputum acid fast bacilli for tuberculosis
Full Blood Count
- Polycythemia (secondary to hypoxia) in severe cases
- Eosinophilia suggests bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA)
Quantitative Immunoglobulin Levels
- Measure IgG, IgA, IgM, and serum electrophoresis to exclude hypogammaglobulinemia.
- Serum IgE, skin prick testing, or IgE radioallergosorbent test (RAST) for ABPA.
- Diagnostic criteria include a total serum IgE concentration greater than 1000 IU/mL or a greater than 2-fold rise from baseline
- Antibodies to Haemophilius influenzae type B or Streptococcus pneumoniae
Quantitative Serum Alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT) Levels
- This is used to rule out AAT deficiency
Tests for Ciliary Function
- Screening for PCD-nasal nitric oxide measurements, nasal biopsy and ciliary beat frequency.
- Screening should be performed if there is childhood chronic otitis media, infertility, dextrocardia, or middle lobe bronchiectasis.
Testing for Cystic Fibrosis
- Two measurements of sweat chloride and cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) genetic mutation analysis should be performed for all children and adults up to 40 years
- The patient should perform cystic fibrosis testing if he is more than 40 years plus
24-hour pH Monitoring
Autoimmune Screening Tests
- If suspected of an autoimmune disorder such as rheumatoid arthritis.