Bacterial meningitis risk factors
Bacterial meningitis Microchapters
Common risk factors for bacterial meningitis may include extremes of age groups, immunosuppression, recent exposure to person suffering from meningitis, disruption of normal anatomical CNS barrier, medical conditions such as lupus, complement deficiency, sepsis, infective endocarditis, people living in close groups such as college campuses and dorms, alcohalism, smoking and injection drug abuse.
- Extremes of age predispose to bacterial meningitis such as infants and old age
- Type of bacteria affecting affecting different age groups varies
- People living in dorms
- Military personnel
- Large gatherings in college campuses
Certain medical conditions
Working with meningitis-causing pathogens
- Lab personnel
- Recent travel to endemic area such as sub-Saharan Africa
- Travel to Mecca during the annual Hajj and Umrah pilgrimage
- Prolonged steroid therapy
- Complement deficiency
- Diabetes mellitus
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
Disruption of anatomical CNS barrier
- Basilar skull fracture
- CNS implants such as intracerebral pressure monitors
- CSF shunts
- Choclear implants
Other risk factors
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- https://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/bacterial.html Accessed on 4th September, 2017
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