Autoimmune hepatitis physical examination

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: :Manpreet Kaur, MD [2]

Overview

Patients with autoimmune hepatitis usually appear normal. Physical examination of patients with autoimmune hepatitis are jaundice, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, hepatic encephalopathy and spider angiomata.

Physical Examination

Physical examination of Autoimmune hepatitis patient who progresses to cirrhosis:[1]

Appearance of the Patient

  • Patients with autoimmune hepatitis usually appear normal initially. If it progresses then patient appear weak due to constitutional symptoms such as weight loss, anorexia, and muscle atrophy.
  • Yellowish discoloration of the skin.
  • Abdominal distension may also be present due to ascites.
  • Normal/low blood pressure with normal pulse pressure.

Skin

HEENT

Abdomen

Neuromuscular

References

  1. Krawitt EL (2006). "Autoimmune hepatitis". N. Engl. J. Med. 354 (1): 54–66. doi:10.1056/NEJMra050408. PMID 16394302.
  2. Li CP, Lee FY, Hwang SJ; et al. (1999). "Spider angiomas in patients with liver cirrhosis: role of alcoholism and impaired liver function". Scand. J. Gastroenterol. 34 (5): 520–3. PMID 10423070.
  3. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Spider_nevus.jpg#/media/
  4. By Bobjgalindo - Own work, GFDL, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10762793



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