Amanita pantherina

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Panther cap
File:Amanita pantherina 1.JPG
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Homobasidiomycetes
Subclass: Hymenomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Amanitaceae
Genus: Amanita
Species: A. pantherina
Binomial name
Amanita pantherina
(DC. ex Fr.) Krombh.

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Amanita pantherina
mycological characteristics:
Gills icon.png 
gills on hymenium
Flat cap icon.svg 

cap is flat

Free gills icon2.svg 

hymenium is free

Ring and volva stipe icon.png 

stipe has a ring and volva

White spore print icon.png 

spore print is white

Mycorrhizal ecology icon.png 

ecology is mycorrhizal

Hazard T.svg 

edibility: deadly

The Panther cap (Amanita pantherina), also known as the False Blusher due to its similarity to the true Blusher (Amanita rubescens), is a poisonous mushroom found in woodland throughout Europe, western Asia and North America.


A. pantherina has a bronze or pale orange-brown pileus (cap) bearing small white warts and between 5 and 15 cm (2-6 inches) in diameter. In younger specimens the cap is domed, becoming flatter with age. The upper remains of the velum form a ring around the cap margin in younger mushrooms. In moist conditions the pileus is often viscid, with a farinaceous (or starchy) odor.

The stipe (stem) grows to a length of between 6-10 cm and between 1–2½ cm in diameter, with a narrow hoop-like ring low down. The lower remains of the velum form a volva (sheath) around the basal bulb, often with one or two narrow rings.[1]

The white spores are smooth, elliptical, non-amyloid and 9½–13×7–9.5 µm in size.

Similar species

Although not normally fatal, Amanita pantherina should be studied with caution. It can also be misidentified as Amanita gemmata and confused with the Blusher (Amanita rubescens), though the latter's flesh turns red or 'blushes'.

Distribution and habitat

The Panther cap is an uncommon mushroom, found in both deciduous, especially beech and, less frequently, coniferous woodland and RARELY meadows throughout Europe, western Asia and North America in late summer and autumn.[1] It is an ectomycorrhizal fungus, living in root symbiosis with a tree, deriving photosynthesised nutrients from it and providing soil nutrients in return.


The Panther cap contains muscarine and is generally regarded as more poisonous than the related Fly Agaric, having been the cause of some fatalities.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Jordan P & Wheeler S (2001). The Ultimate Mushroom Book. Hermes House.
  2. North, Pamela (1967). Poisonous Plants and Fungi in colour. Blandford Press & Pharmacological Society of Great Britain.

External links

ca:Pixacà cs:Muchomůrka tygrovaná de:Pantherpilz eu:Lanperna txar gl:Amanita pantherina it:Amanita pantherina ka:თავჭედილა lt:Margoji musmirė nl:Panteramaniet sk:Muchotrávka tigrovaná sl:Panterjeva mušnica uk:Мухомор пантерний wa:Amanite pantere