Conservation status

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Template:Conservation status The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species remaining extant either in the present day or the near future. Many factors are taken into account when assessing the conservation status of a species: not simply the number remaining, but the overall increase or decrease in the population over time, breeding success rates, known threats, and so on.

Global systems

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is the best-known worldwide conservation status listing and ranking system. The system divides threatened species into three categories: Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN), and Vulnerable (VU). Also listed are extinctions that have occurred since 1500 AD and taxa that are extinct in the wild. Lower risk taxa are also divided into categories.

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) aims to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.

Multi-country systems

In the European Union, the EU Wildlife Trade Regulation[1] is legislation to provide for the implementation of CITES within the EU, and additional measures.[2] A database of species listed under the EU Wildlife Regulation is available.[3] Additionally, there is the EU Habitats Directive[4] and EU Birds Directive.[5]

NatureServe conservation status focuses on Latin America, USA, Canada and the Caribbean, It has been developed over the past three decades by scientists from NatureServe, The Nature Conservancy, and the network of natural heritage programs and conservation data centers. It is increasingly integrated with the IUCN Red List system. Categories for species including: Presumed Extinct (GX), Possibly Extinct (GH), Critically Imperiled (G1), Imperiled (G2), Vulnerable (G3), Apparently Secure (G4), and Secure (G5).[6] The system also allows ambiguous or uncertain ranks including inexact numeric ranks (eg G2?), and range ranks (e.g G2G3) for when the exact rank is uncertain. NatureServe adds a qualifier for Captive or Cultivated Only (C), which has a similar meaning to the IUCN Red List Extinct in the Wild (EW) status,

Red Data Book of the Russian Federation is used within the Russian Federation. they eat each other

National systems

Consumer guides

Consumer guides for seafood, such as Seafood Watch, generally divide fishes and other sea creatures into three categories, analogous to conservation status categories:

  • Red ("say no" or "avoid")
  • Yellow or orange ("think twice", "good alternatives" or "some concerns")
  • Green ("best seafood choices").

The categories do not simply reflect the imperilment of individual species, but also consider the environmental impacts of how and where they are fished, such as through bycatch or ocean bottom trawlers. Often groups of species are assessed rather than individual species (e.g. Bluefin tuna or squid).

The Marine Conservation Society has 5 levels of ratings for seafood species, as displayed on their Fishonline website.

See also


an:Estato de conserbazión ast:Estáu de conservación az:Korunma durumu bs:Status zaštite bg:Природозащитен статус ca:Estat de conservació cs:Stupeň ohrožení et:Kaitsestaatus eo:Konserva statuso gl:Estado de conservación ko:멸종위기등급 hr:Status zaštite is:Ástand stofns it:Stato di conservazione (biologia) he:מצב שימור ml:പരിപാലനസ്ഥിതി nl:Beschermingsstatus simple:Conservation status sk:Stupeň ohrozenia sl:Ohranitveno stanje fi:Uhanalaisuusluokitus uk:Охоронний статус zh-yue:頻危指標