Superior ophthalmic vein
|Vein: Superior ophthalmic vein|
|Veins of orbit. (Superior ophthalmic labeled at top.)|
|The sinuses at the base of the skull. (Superior ophthalmic vein labeled at upper right.)|
|Latin||vena ophthalmica superior|
|Gray's||subject #171 659|
|Drains to||cavernous sinus|
The superior ophthalmic vein begins at the inner angle of the orbit in a vein named the nasofrontal which communicates anteriorly with the angular vein; it pursues the same course as the ophthalmic artery, and receives tributaries corresponding to the branches of that vessel.
The ethmoidal veins drain into the superior ophthalmic vein.
Vorticose veins also drain into the superior ophthalmic vein.
The medial angle of the eye, nose and lips (known as the danger triangle of the face) usually drain through the facial vein, via the opthalmic vein through the cavernous sinus. As a result, an infection of the face may spread to the cavernous sinus and and pterygoid venous plexus. This can lead to damage of the nerves running through the cavernous sinus.
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.
Veins (emissary, jugular and others) and sinuses of head and neck (drainage patterns can vary)
|to external jugular||retromandibular: maxillary • superficial temporal (anterior auricular) transverse cervical - suprascapular - anterior jugular (jugular venous arch)|
|to internal jugular|
|to vertebral vein||occipital (occipital) • suboccipital venous plexus|
|to brachiocephalic||inferior thyroid (inferior laryngeal) - thymic|
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