Superior medial genicular artery

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Artery: Superior medial genicular artery
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The femoral artery. (Medial sup. genicular labeled at bottom right.)
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Circumpatellar anastomosis. (Medial superior genicular labeled at upper right, fourth from top.)
Latin arteria superior medialis genus
Gray's subject #159 633
Dorlands
/ Elsevier
    
a_61/12156127

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]



The medial superior genicular runs in front of the Semimembranosus and Semitendinosus, above the medial head of the Gastrocnemius, and passes beneath the tendon of the Adductor magnus.

It divides into two branches, one of which supplies the Vastus medialis, anastomosing with the highest genicular and medial inferior genicular arteries; the other ramifies close to the surface of the femur, supplying it and the knee-joint, and anastomosing with the lateral superior genicular artery.

The medial superior genicular artery is frequently of small size, a condition, which is associated with an increase in the size of the highest genicular.

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This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.


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