Descending genicular artery

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Artery: Descending genicular artery
The femoral artery. (Highest genicular labeled at center right.)
Circumpatellar anastomosis. (Highest genicular visible at upper right.)
Latin arteria descendens genus
Gray's subject #157 631
Source femoral artery   
/ Elsevier

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

The descending genicular artery (highest genicular artery) arises from the femoral just before it passes through the opening in the tendon of the Adductor magnus, and immediately divides into a saphenous and a musculo-articular branch.

Saphenous branch

The saphenous branch pierces the aponeurotic covering of the adductor canal, and accompanies the saphenous nerve to the medial side of the knee.

It passes between the Sartorius and Gracilis, and, piercing the fascia lata, is distributed to the integument of the upper and medial part of the leg, anastomosing with the medial inferior genicular artery.

Musculo-articular branch

The musculo-articular branch descends in the substance of the Vastus medialis, and in front of the tendon of the Adductor magnus, to the medial side of the knee, where it anastomoses with the medial superior genicular artery and anterior recurrent tibial artery.

A branch from this vessel crosses above the patellar surface of the femur, forming an anastomotic arch with the lateral superior genicular artery, and supplying branches to the knee-joint.

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This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.