Reflux nephropathy natural history, complications and prognosis
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The end results of RN are
- Chronic Renal Failure
- ESRD (end stage renal disease)
- Blockage of the ureter after surgery
- Chronic or repeat urinary tract infections
- Kidney infection
- Nephrotic syndrome
- Persistent reflux
- Scarring of the kidneys
The outcome varies, depending on the severity of the reflux. Some people with reflux nephropathy will not lose kidney function over time, even though their kidneys are damaged. However, kidney damage may be permanent. If only one kidney is involved, the other kidney should keep working normally.
Reflux nephropathy may cause kidney failure in both children and adults.