Peroneus brevis

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Peroneus brevis muscle
Coronal section through right talocrural and talocalcaneal joints. (Label for Peroneus brevis is at right, third from the bottom.)
The mucous sheaths of the tendons around the ankle. Lateral aspect. (Peroneus brevis labeled at bottom left.)
Latin musculus peroneus brevis
Gray's subject #129 487
Origin: fibula
Insertion: fifth metatarsal
Artery: peroneal artery
Nerve: superficial peroneal nerve
Action: plantarflexion, eversion
Dorlands/Elsevier m_22/12546596


The peroneus brevis muscle (or fibularis brevis) lies under cover of the peroneus longus, and is a shorter and smaller muscle.

Origin and insertion

It arises from the lower two-thirds of the lateral surface of the body of the fibula; medial to the Peronæus longus; and from the intermuscular septa separating it from the adjacent muscles on the front and back of the leg.

The fibers pass vertically downward, and end in a tendon which runs behind the lateral malleolus along with but in front of that of the preceding muscle, the two tendons being enclosed in the same compartment, and lubricated by a common mucous sheath.

It then runs forward on the lateral side of the calcaneus, above the trochlear process and the tendon of the Peronæus longus, and is inserted into the tuberosity at the base of the fifth metatarsal bone, on its lateral side.


The terms "Peroneal" (i.e., Artery, Retinaculum) and "Peroneus" (i.e., Longus and Brevis) are derived from the Greek word Perone (pronounced Pair-uh-knee) meaning pin of a brooch or a buckle. In medical terminology, both terms refer to being of or relating to the fibula or to the outer portion of the leg.

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This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.

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