Papillary thyroid cancer natural history, complications and prognosis

Jump to: navigation, search

Papillary thyroid cancer Microchapters

Home

Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Papillary thyroid cancer from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

Staging

Diagnostic Study of Choice

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

X Ray

CT

MRI

Echocardiography or Ultrasound

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Surgery

Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Papillary thyroid cancer natural history, complications and prognosis On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides

Images

American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Papillary thyroid cancer natural history, complications and prognosis

All Images
X-rays
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images
MRI

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Papillary thyroid cancer natural history, complications and prognosis

CDC on Papillary thyroid cancer natural history, complications and prognosis

Papillary thyroid cancer natural history, complications and prognosis in the news

Blogs on Papillary thyroid cancer natural history, complications and prognosis

Directions to Hospitals Treating Papillary thyroid cancer

Risk calculators and risk factors for Papillary thyroid cancer natural history, complications and prognosis

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ammu Susheela, M.D. [2] Sahar Memar Montazerin, M.D.[3]

Overview

If left untreated, patients with papillary thyroid cancer may progress to develop metastasis. Common complications of papillary thyroid cancer include vocal cord compression, dysphagia, and dyspnea. The presence of metastasis is associated with a particularly poor prognosis among patients with papillary thyroid cancer. The 10-year survival rate papillary thyroid cancer is 99%.

Natural History

  • The symptoms of papillary thyroid cancer usually develop in the third or fourth decade of life and start with symptoms such as a painless lump in the neck.[1]
  • Without treatment, the patient will develop symptoms of compression and metastasis, which may be fatal.

Complications

Prognosis

5 year Relative Survival Rate

  • 5-year relative survival rate of papillary thyroid cancer depends on the invasion of the tumor at the time of diagnosis.[5]
    • Localized tumor: 100%
    • Tumor with regional metastasis: 100%
    • Tumor with distant metastasis: 78%


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Randolph GW, Duh QY, Heller KS, LiVolsi VA, Mandel SJ, Steward DL, Tufano RP, Tuttle RM (November 2012). "The prognostic significance of nodal metastases from papillary thyroid carcinoma can be stratified based on the size and number of metastatic lymph nodes, as well as the presence of extranodal extension". Thyroid. 22 (11): 1144–52. doi:10.1089/thy.2012.0043. PMID 23083442.
  2. "Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2014 - SEER Statistics".
  3. Haymart, M. R. (2009). "Understanding the Relationship Between Age and Thyroid Cancer". The Oncologist. 14 (3): 216–221. doi:10.1634/theoncologist.2008-0194. ISSN 1083-7159.
  4. McCONAHEY, WILLIAM M.; Hay, Ian D.; Woolner, Lewis B.; van HEERDEN, JON A.; Taylor, William F. (1986). "Papillary Thyroid Cancer Treated at the Mayo Clinic, 1946 Through 1970: Initial Manifestations, Pathologic Findings, Therapy, and Outcome". Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 61 (12): 978–996. doi:10.1016/S0025-6196(12)62641-X. ISSN 0025-6196.
  5. "Survival Rates for Thyroid Cancer".



Linked-in.jpg