Low density lipoprotein (patient information)
high LDL On the Web
For the WikiDoc page on LDL, click here
Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) cholesterol make up the majority of the body's cholesterol. LDL is known as "bad" cholesterol because having high levels can lead to a buildup in the arteries and result in heart disease.
What are the symptoms of high LDL?
High cholesterol usually has no signs or symptoms. Only a doctor's check will reveal it.
What causes high LDL?
Who is at highest risk?
Some health conditions, as well as lifestyle and genetic factors, can put people at a higher risk for developing high cholesterol:
- Age: Because cholesterol tends to rise as people get older, everyone's risk for high cholesterol increases with age. Women's LDL ("bad" cholesterol) levels rise more quickly than do men's. Until around age 55, women tend to have lower LDL levels than men do. At any age, men tend to have lower HDL ("good" cholesterol) levels than women do.
- Diabetes: Having diabetes can also make you more likely to develop high cholesterol. Diabetes affects the body's use of a hormone called insulin. This hormone tells the body to remove sugar from the blood. With diabetes, the body either doesn't make enough insulin, can't use its own insulin as well as it should, or both. This causes sugars to build up in the blood.
- Diet: Certain foods raise your cholesterol levels. These foods tend to contain saturated fats, trans fatty acids (trans fats), dietary cholesterol, or triglycerides.
- Physical Inactivity: Not getting enough exercise can make you gain weight, which can lead to increased cholesterol levels.
When to seek urgent medical care?
The diagnosis of high LDL is made by measuring the blood fasting lipid panel, which includes LDL.
You can take several steps to maintain a normal LDL level.
- Get a blood test.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Exercise regularly.
- Don't smoke.
- Treat high LDL if recommended by your doctor.
Where to find medical care for high LDL?
What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?
If you have high cholesterol, your doctor may prescribe medications in addition to lifestyle changes. Controlling LDL cholesterol is the primary focus of treatment.
Your treatment plan will depend on your current LDL level and risk for heart disease and stroke. Your risk for heart disease and stroke depends on other risk factors including high blood pressure, smoking status, age, HDL level, and family history of early heart disease. In addition, people with existing cardiovascular disease or diabetes are at high risk.
High cholesterol increases your risk for heart disease.
- Get a blood test (when recommended)
- Eat a healthy diet
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Don't smoke