Lingual artery

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Artery: Lingual artery
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Side of neck, showing chief surface markings. (Lingual artery labeled at center left.)
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Veins of the tongue. The hypoglossal nerve has been displaced downward in this preparation. (Lingual artery labeled at center left.)
Latin arteria lingualis
Gray's subject #144 553
Supplies genioglossus
Source external carotid   
Vein lingual vein
Dorlands
/ Elsevier
    
a_61/12154839

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Course

The lingual artery arises from the external carotid between the superior thyroid and facial artery.

It first runs obliquely upward and medialward to the greater cornu of the hyoid bone.

It then curves downward and forward, forming a loop which is crossed by the hypoglossal nerve, and passing beneath the Digastricus and Stylohyoideus it runs horizontally forward, beneath the Hyoglossus, and finally, ascending almost perpendicularly to the tongue, turns forward on its lower surface as far as the tip, under the name of the deep lingual artery (profunda linguae).

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This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.



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