Crowdiagnosis project template

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Crowdiagnosis
Introduction
Guide
Template
Topics
Checklist
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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Mugilan Poongkunran M.B.B.S [2]; Vendhan Ramanujam M.B.B.S [3]

Overview

The template of crowdiagnosis project is shown in this section and it can be copied for creating the causes page by going into the edit box.

  • The overview section should include the disease name in the first sentence.
  • The goal is to summarize the page in several sentences, and the section can be the same as the causes segment on the overview page.
  • Confirm that the overview statement is in a text format and does not contain bullet points.
  • Confirm that periods, commas and spaces are appropriately placed.
  • Confirm that no text is bolded or italicized randomly in between the text.
  • Make sure to check for spellings and grammatical errors thoroughly.
  • Confirm that there are no floating periods and comas.
  • Confirm that periods and comas are present before the start of references instead at the end to avoid floating periods and comas.
  • Confirm that all the internal links work and there are no black links in between texts.
  • Confirm that no links are created to same page.
  • Make sure to create maximum internal links and for complete words, e.g,
    • Ventricular tachycardia – [[Ventricular]] [[tachycardia]] – not recommended
    • Ventricular tachycardia- [[Ventricular tachycardia]] – recommended
  • To see an example, click here.

Template

  • First Sentence:
[Disease name] may be caused by either [cause1], [cause2], or [cause3].
OR
Life threatening causes of [symptom/manifestation] include [cause1], [cause2], and [cause3].
OR
[Cause] is a life threatening cause of [disease].
OR
Common causes of [disease name] include [cause1], [cause2], and [cause3].
OR
[Disease name] is caused by an infection with [pathogen name].
OR
[Pathogen name] infection is caused by [pathogen name], [description of pathogen].
OR
The cause of [disease name] has not been identified.
OR
There are no established causes for [disease name].
OR
[Disease name] is caused by a mutation in the [gene name] gene.
OR
Common causes of [disease name] include [cause1] and [cause2]. Less common causes of [disease name] include [cause 3], [cause 4], and [cause 5].
  • Examples:
Example 1: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis of the kidneys may be caused by either genetic diseases, viruses, malignancies, or drugs.
Example 2: Life threatening causes of chest pain include myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, tension pneumothorax, cardiac tamponade, esophageal rupture, and aortic dissection.
Example 3: Esophageal perforation is a life-threatening cause of mediastinitis.
Example 4: Common causes of neonatal meningitis include E. coli, Group B Steptococcus, and Listeria monocytogenes.
Example 5: Legionellosis is caused by an infection with Legionella spp.
Example 6: Clostridium difficile infection is caused by Clostridium difficile, a spore-forming, toxin-producing, obligate anaerobic, gram-positive bacillus.
Example 7: The cause of acinic cell carcinoma has not been identified.
Example 8: There are no established causes for acinic cell carcinoma.
Example 9: Retinoblastoma is caused by a mutation in the RB1 gene.
Example 10: Common causes of PID include Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis. Less common causes of PID include Bacteroides, Enterococci, Mycoplasma and Staphylococci.
  • Additional Sentences:
[Pathogen] belongs to the [pathogen family] family.
OR
[Pathogen] is a [feature1], [feature2], [feature3], gram-[positive/negative] [shape].
OR
Other causes of [disease name] include [cause 1], [cause 2], and [cause 3].
  • Examples
Example 1: Influenza belongs to the Orthomyxoviridae family.
Example 2: C. difficile is a spore-forming, toxin-producing, obligate anaerobic, gram-positive bacillus.
Example 3: Salmonella spp. is a motile, lactose-fermenting, facultative intracellular gram-negative rod.
Example 4: Influenza is an enveloped, pleomorphic, segmented virus with a negative-sense, single-stranded RNA genome.
Example 5: Other causes of PID include Bacteroides, Enterococci, Mycoplasma and Staphylococci.

Preferred Template Statements

IF there are life-threatening causes of the disease, list those first, followed by common causes, then less common causes.

  • Life-threatening causes of [symptom/manifestation] include [cause1], [cause2], and [cause3].
  • [Cause] is a life-threatening cause of [disease].

IF there are no life-threatening causes of the disease, begin with common causes. If no distinctions can be made between common and less-common causes, list all causes together.

  • On the overview page, use a full sentence:
    • Disease name] may be caused by [cause1], [cause2], or [cause3].
    • Common causes of [disease] include [cause1], [cause2], and [cause3].
    • The most common cause of [disease name] is [cause 1]. Less common causes of [disease name] include [cause 2], [cause 3], and [cause 4].
  • On the Causes microchapter, use bullet points:
    • [Disease name] may be caused by:
      • [cause1]
      • [cause2]
      • [cause3]

IF the disease is caused by one specific pathogen:

  • [Disease name] is caused by an infection with [pathogen name].
  • [Pathogen name] infection is caused by [pathogen name].

IF the disease arises from a genetic mutation:

  • [Disease name] is caused by a mutation in the [gene name] gene.

IF genetics play an unspecified role in the development of the disease:

IF the cause of the disease is unknown:

  • The cause of [disease name] has not been identified. To review risk factors for the development of [disease name], click here.

Template

Life-threatening causes

Life-threatening causes include conditions which may result in death or permanent disability within 24 hours if left untreated.

  • Life threatening causes do not include chronic conditions.
  • Make sure to include the following definition underneath the subheading of every life threatening causes section: Life-threatening causes include conditions which may result in death or permanent disability within 24 hours if left untreated.
  • The list of life threatening causes is arranged in alphabetical order.
  • If the page's disease is itself life-threatening, do not add causes in the life-threatening causes section. Instead, write the following sentence under the subheading: Disease name is a life-threatening condition and must be treated as such irrespective of the causes. Life-threatening conditions may result in death or permanent disability within 24 hours if left untreated.

Common causes

  • This section is to outline the most common causes of the disease or condition you are describing.
  • This can be done in a list form where causes are arranged in alphabetical order.

Less common causes

  • This section is to outline the less common causes of the disease or condition you are describing.
  • This can be done in a list form where causes are arranged in alphabetical order.

Causes by organ system

  • To obtain the coding for the table seen below, click here. You need to copy the table content from the edit box, and paste it into the edit box.
  • You can then list the causes by organ system. List the causes, separated by a comma under the appropriate category where it says "No underlying causes". Erase "No underlying causes" if you are listing causes in that category.
  • For an example of the causes by organ system table in a causes microchapter, click here.
Cardiovascular No underlying causes
Chemical/Poisoning No underlying causes
Dental No underlying causes
Dermatologic No underlying causes
Drug Side Effect No underlying causes
Ear Nose Throat No underlying causes
Endocrine No underlying causes
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic No underlying causes
Genetic No underlying causes
Hematologic No underlying causes
Iatrogenic No underlying causes
Infectious Disease No underlying causes
Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic No underlying causes
Neurologic No underlying causes
Nutritional/Metabolic No underlying causes
Obstetric/Gynecologic No underlying causes
Oncologic No underlying causes
Ophthalmologic No underlying causes
Overdose/Toxicity No underlying causes
Psychiatric No underlying causes
Pulmonary No underlying causes
Renal/Electrolyte No underlying causes
Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy No underlying causes
Sexual No underlying causes
Trauma No underlying causes
Urologic No underlying causes
Miscellaneous No underlying causes

Causes in alphabetical order

List the causes of the disease in alphabetical order.

  • Cause 1
  • Cause 2
  • Cause 3
  • Cause 4
  • Cause 5
  • Cause 6
  • Cause 7
  • Cause 8
  • Cause 9
  • Cause 10


Citing Sources

  • References should be cited for the material that you have put on your page. Type in {{Reflist|2}}.This will generate your references in small font, in two columns, with links to the original article and abstract.
  • For information on how to add references into your page, click here

References


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