Anaplastic thyroid cancer historical perspective

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ammu Susheela, M.D. [2]

Overview

In 1811, the first thyroid cancer case was reported. Thyroid cancer was first described by William Stewart Halsted, an American surgeon in the late nineteenth century.

Historical Perspective

Discovery

  • The first case of thyroid cancer was described by William Stewart Halsted.[1]
  • In 1951, head and neck irradiation was demonstrated to cause thyroid cancer in children.

Landmark Events in the Development of Treatment Strategies

  • In 1884, thyroidectomies were introduced to successfully treat thyroid disorders.
  • Theodore Kocher (1841-1917) was considered an expert in thyroidectomy in Switzerland.
  • Charles Horace Mayo was considered as an expert in thyroidectomies in United States.
  • Murray discovered that patients with hypothyroidism respond well to injecting thyroid extracts to them.

Famous Cases

  • William Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the United States (1986-2005) passed away on September 3, 2005 from anaplastic thyroid cancer.

Reference

  1. Hegner CF (1932). "A History of Thyroid Surgery". Ann. Surg. 95 (4): 481–92. PMC 1391584. PMID 17866746.

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