Acute retinal necrosis primary prevention

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Luke Rusowicz-Orazem, B.S.

Overview

Preventing the onset of acute retinal necrosis is dependent upon prevention of the causative infection from Herpes simplex virus (HSV), Varicella-zoster virus (VZV), Cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).

Primary Prevention

Preventing the onset of acute retinal necrosis is dependent upon prevention of the causative infection from Herpes simplex virus (HSV), Varicella-zoster virus (VZV), and Cytomegalovirus (CMV). Measures to prevent viral infection include the following:[1][2][3]

  • Avoiding oral and genital contact with individuals infected with HSV
  • Avoiding proximity to individuals infected with VZV to avoid contact with pathogenic respiratory droplets and fluid contact
  • Avoiding fluid contact with individuals infected with CMV or Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)

References

  1. "WHO | Herpes simplex virus".
  2. Charkoudian, Leon D. (2011). "Acute Retinal Necrosis After Herpes Zoster Vaccination". Archives of Ophthalmology. 129 (11): 1495. doi:10.1001/archophthalmol.2011.320. ISSN 0003-9950.
  3. "CMV | Overview | Cytomegalovirus and Congenital CMV Infection | CDC".

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