Achlorhydria natural history, complications and prognosis

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Achlorhydria Microchapters

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

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Overview

Natural History

Complications

  • Achlorhydria may result in increased bacterial growth in the stomach and duodenum. This increases the risk of several infectious diseases such as salmonellosis, typhoid fever, shigellosis, and various parasitic infections.
  • Stomach acid is important in liberating minerals from food, thereby increasing the risk that individuals with hypochlorohydria or achlorhydria will develop calcium and zinc deficiencies.
  • Loss of acid production may also alter the rate or extent of drug absorption.
  • Atrophic gastritis, one of the complications of achlorhydria, has been considered to be a potential precursor to gastric carcinoma.

Prognosis

The outcome of achlorhydria depends on:

  • The underlying cause of achlorhydria: If achlorhydria results from cancer or a surgical procedure, the prognosis is more guarded.
  • The complications of achlorhydria: Atrophic gastritis, one of the complications of achlorhydria, has been considered to be a potential precursor to gastric carcinoma.

References



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