AHA/ASA guideline recommendations for prevention of stroke in women overview
Stroke Main page
The incidence of stroke, especially in women, is fast-rising. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in women and fifth in men. Many studies have documented the fact that women are more adversely affected by stroke and its complications, in terms of functional recovery, quality of life when compared to men. Therefore, it is important to provide guidelines to identify high-risk women for stroke, and also to provide recommendations regarding prevention of stroke.
Epidemioloogy and Dermographics
In general, women have a lower incidence of ischemic stroke than men. Women have a longer life expectancy than men, therefore, at ages 85 years and older, women have a higher or similar incidences of stroke with men. A population-based incidence study also noted a ≥2-fold increase in stroke incidence among blacks and Hispanics when compared with whites.
There is an increased prevalence of subarachnoid hemorrhage in women, which has been linked to an increased prevalence of cerebral aneurysms. Conversely, the incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage, in most cases, has been reported to be lower in women when compared with men. The highest incidence of ICH was also observed among the black population as compared with hispanics and white population.
|Sex-specific||Stronger or commoner in women||Similar prevalence in both sexes|
|Pregnancy||Migraine with aura||Physical inactivity|
|Gestational diabetes||Diabetes mellitus||Prior cardiovascular disease|
|Postmenopausal hormone use||Depression||Diet|
|Changes in hormonal status||Psychosocial stress||Smoking|
Adapted from AHA/ASA guideline recommendations for prevention of stroke in women (2014)
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