Difference between revisions of "Pericarditis classification"

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{{familytree | | B10 | | | | B11 | | | | B12 | | | | B13 | | | B10=Acute:
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{{familytree | | B10 | | | | B11 | | | | B12 | | | | B13 | | | B10='''Acute:'''
New-onset inflammation which lasts < 4-6 weeks|B11=Incessant:
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New-onset disease which lasts < 4-6 weeks|B11='''Incessant:'''
Pericarditis lasting for >4–6 weeks but <3 months without remission|B12=Recurrent:|B13=B13}}  
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Pericarditis lasting for >4–6 weeks but <3 months without remission|B12='''Recurrent:''' Recurrence after the first episode of  acute pericarditis 4–6 weeks or longer interval|B13='''Chronic:''' Pericarditis lasts for >3 months}}  
 
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Revision as of 18:35, 4 December 2019

Pericarditis Microchapters

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Hardik Patel, M.D. Homa Najafi, M.D.[2]

Overview

Pericarditis may be classified according to the composition of the inflammatory exudate into 6 subtypes: serous, purulent, fibrinous, caseous, hemorrhagic, and post-infarction or Dressler's syndrome. Pericarditis can also be classified into acute and chronic forms, depending on the timing of presentation and duration.

Classification

Pericarditis can be classified according to the composition of the inflammatory exudate or the composition of the fluid that accumulates around the heart. Types include:

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pericarditis classification based on duration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acute: New-onset disease which lasts < 4-6 weeks
 
 
 
Incessant: Pericarditis lasting for >4–6 weeks but <3 months without remission
 
 
 
Recurrent: Recurrence after the first episode of acute pericarditis 4–6 weeks or longer interval
 
 
 
Chronic: Pericarditis lasts for >3 months
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pericarditis classification based on etiology
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Infectious causes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-infectious causes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Viral:

Enteroviruses(coxsackieviruses, echoviruses)

Herpes viruses(EBV, CMV, HHV-6)

Adenoviruses

Parvovirus B19
 
Bacterial:

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Coxiella burnetii

Borrelia burgdorferi
 
Fungal:

Histoplasma species

Aspergillus species

Blastomyces species

Candida species
 
Parasitic:

Echinococcus species

Toxoplasma species
 
Autoimmune:

Systemic autoimmune and auto-inflammatory diseases

Systemic vasculitides

Sarcoidosis

Familial Mediterranean fever

IBD

Still disease
 
 
Neoplastic:

Primary tumours (pericardial mesothelioma)

secondary metastatic tumors( lung and breast cancer, lymphoma)
 
Metabolic:

Uraemia

Myxoedema

Anorexia nervosa
 
Traumatic and Iatrogenic
 
Drug-related
 
Others:

Amyloidosis

Aortic dissection

Pulmonary arterial

Hypertension

Chronic heart failure

Congenital absence of the pericardium

References


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