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ICD-10 G04-G05
ICD-9 323
DiseasesDB 29461
MeSH D009187

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Myelitis is a disease involving swelling of the spinal cord, which disrupts central nervous system functions linking the brain and limbs.

Symptoms and signs

Symptoms vary by region of the CNS affected.

  • fever
  • headaches
  • tingling
  • Bladder dysfunction (loss of bladder control)
  • pain
  • Meningeal signs may develop
  • (central or peripheral paresis
  • Numbness; Altered sensation, Sensorimotor paralysis below the level of the inflammation (Absent tendon reflexes below the level of the inflammation), loss of feeling
  • Leg weakness
  • Arm weakness
  • Paresthesia
  • Back pain
  • Leg pain
  • Arm pain
  • Bowel dysfunction
  • Muscle spasms
  • Malaise
  • Anorexia
  • Leg paresthesia
  • Urinary retention
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Abdominal muscle paralysis


Differential Diagnosis of Causes of Myelitis


  • Certain viruses - causing viral myelitis:

Myelitis as a complication

Other conditions that might have Myelitis as a complication might be potential underlying conditions. The list of conditions listing Myelitis as a complication includes:

Myelitis as a symptom

  • Bing-Neel syndrome


Untreated myelitis may rapidly lead to a permanently damaged spinal cord.

See also

Template:Diseases of the nervous system Template:SIB


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