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Myelitis is a disease involving swelling of the spinal cord, which disrupts central nervous system functions linking the brain and limbs.
Symptoms and signs
Symptoms vary by region of the CNS affected.
- Bladder dysfunction (loss of bladder control)
- Meningeal signs may develop
- (central or peripheral paresis
- Numbness; Altered sensation, Sensorimotor paralysis below the level of the inflammation (Absent tendon reflexes below the level of the inflammation), loss of feeling
- Leg weakness
- Arm weakness
- Back pain
- Leg pain
- Arm pain
- Bowel dysfunction
- Muscle spasms
- Leg paresthesia
- Urinary retention
- Sexual dysfunction
- Fecal incontinence
- Abdominal muscle paralysis
- Spinal MRI
Differential Diagnosis of Causes of Myelitis
- Certain viruses - causing viral myelitis:
Myelitis as a complication
Other conditions that might have Myelitis as a complication might be potential underlying conditions. The list of conditions listing Myelitis as a complication includes:
- Gnathostoma Infection
- Poxviridae disease
Myelitis as a symptom
- Bing-Neel syndrome
Untreated myelitis may rapidly lead to a permanently damaged spinal cord.
Template:Diseases of the nervous system Template:SIB