Gastrointestinal perforation

Jump to: navigation, search

WikiDoc Resources for Gastrointestinal perforation

Articles

Most recent articles on Gastrointestinal perforation

Most cited articles on Gastrointestinal perforation

Review articles on Gastrointestinal perforation

Articles on Gastrointestinal perforation in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ

Media

Powerpoint slides on Gastrointestinal perforation

Images of Gastrointestinal perforation

Photos of Gastrointestinal perforation

Podcasts & MP3s on Gastrointestinal perforation

Videos on Gastrointestinal perforation

Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Gastrointestinal perforation

Bandolier on Gastrointestinal perforation

TRIP on Gastrointestinal perforation

Clinical Trials

Ongoing Trials on Gastrointestinal perforation at Clinical Trials.gov

Trial results on Gastrointestinal perforation

Clinical Trials on Gastrointestinal perforation at Google

Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Gastrointestinal perforation

NICE Guidance on Gastrointestinal perforation

NHS PRODIGY Guidance

FDA on Gastrointestinal perforation

CDC on Gastrointestinal perforation

Books

Books on Gastrointestinal perforation

News

Gastrointestinal perforation in the news

Be alerted to news on Gastrointestinal perforation

News trends on Gastrointestinal perforation

Commentary

Blogs on Gastrointestinal perforation

Definitions

Definitions of Gastrointestinal perforation

Patient Resources / Community

Patient resources on Gastrointestinal perforation

Discussion groups on Gastrointestinal perforation

Patient Handouts on Gastrointestinal perforation

Directions to Hospitals Treating Gastrointestinal perforation

Risk calculators and risk factors for Gastrointestinal perforation

Healthcare Provider Resources

Symptoms of Gastrointestinal perforation

Causes & Risk Factors for Gastrointestinal perforation

Diagnostic studies for Gastrointestinal perforation

Treatment of Gastrointestinal perforation

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME Programs on Gastrointestinal perforation

International

Gastrointestinal perforation en Espanol

Gastrointestinal perforation en Francais

Business

Gastrointestinal perforation in the Marketplace

Patents on Gastrointestinal perforation

Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Gastrointestinal perforation

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Synonyms and Keywords: Bowel perforation; intestinal perforation; colonic perforation; gut perforation

Overview

Gastrointestinal perforation is a complete penetration of the wall of the stomach, small intestine or large bowel, resulting in intestinal contents flowing into the abdominal cavity. Perforation of the intestines results in the potential for bacterial contamination of the abdominal cavity (a condition known as peritonitis). Perforation of the stomach can lead to a chemical peritonitis due to leaked gastric acid. Perforation anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract is a surgical emergency.

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Underlying causes include gastric ulcer, appendicitis, gastrointestinal cancer, diverticulitis, trauma, and Ascariasis.

Drug causes

Differentiating Gastrointestinal perforation from Other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications, and Prognosis

Natural History

Complications

Prognosis

Diagnosis

Diagnostic Criteria

History and Symptoms

Gastrointestinal perforation results in severe abdominal pain intensified by movement, nausea and vomiting. Later symptoms include fever and or chills.

Laboratory Findings

White blood cells are often elevated.

Other Imaging Findings

X Ray

On X-rays, free gas may be visible in the abdominal cavity.

CT

The perforation can often be visualised using CT.

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Treatment depends on the underlying cause, but surgical intervention is nearly always required.

Contraindicated medications

Bowel perforation is considered an absolute contraindication to the use of the following medications:

Surgery

Prevention

Related Chapters

References



Linked-in.jpg