Processus vaginalis

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Processus vaginalis
Mesorchium.svg
Schematic drawing of a cross-section through the vaginal process. 1 testicle, 2 Epididymis, 3 Mesorchium, 4 Lamina visceralis of Tunica vaginalis, 5 Lamina parietalis of Tunica vaginalis, 6 Cavum vaginale, 7 Mesepididymis, 8 Fascia spermatica interna
Latin processus vaginalis peritonei
Days 84
Gives rise to Tunica vaginalis
Dorlands/Elsevier p_34/12667734

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The processus vaginalis (or vaginal process) is an embryonic developmental outpouching of the peritoneum.

It is present from around the 12th week of gestation, and commences as a peritoneal outpouching.

Gender differences

In males, it precedes the testis in their descent down within the gubernaculum, and closes. This closure occurs at any point from a few weeks before birth, to a few weeks after birth. The remaining portion around the testes becomes the tunica vaginalis. [1]

It does not close in females. Instead, it forms the canal of Nuck. [2]

Clinical significance

Failure of closure of the processus vaginalis leads to the propensity to develop a number of abnormalities.

Peritoneal fluid can travel down a patent processus vaginalis leading to the formation of a hydrocele.

There is the potential for an inguinal hernia to develop, although not all people with a patent processus vaginalis will develop one. The more patent the processus vaginalis, the more likely the patient is to develope a hernia.

Persistent patent processus vaginalis more common on the right than the left.

See also

References

  1. "Chapter 34: Male genitalia". Retrieved 2007-12-01.
  2. "Definition: processus vaginalis of peritoneum from Online Medical Dictionary". Retrieved 2007-12-01.

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| group5 = Clinical Trials Involving Processus vaginalis | list5 = Ongoing Trials on Processus vaginalis at Clinical Trials.govTrial results on Processus vaginalisClinical Trials on Processus vaginalis at Google


| group6 = Guidelines / Policies / Government Resources (FDA/CDC) Regarding Processus vaginalis | list6 = US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Processus vaginalisNICE Guidance on Processus vaginalisNHS PRODIGY GuidanceFDA on Processus vaginalisCDC on Processus vaginalis


| group7 = Textbook Information on Processus vaginalis | list7 = Books and Textbook Information on Processus vaginalis


| group8 = Pharmacology Resources on Processus vaginalis | list8 = AND (Dose)}} Dosing of Processus vaginalisAND (drug interactions)}} Drug interactions with Processus vaginalisAND (side effects)}} Side effects of Processus vaginalisAND (Allergy)}} Allergic reactions to Processus vaginalisAND (overdose)}} Overdose information on Processus vaginalisAND (carcinogenicity)}} Carcinogenicity information on Processus vaginalisAND (pregnancy)}} Processus vaginalis in pregnancyAND (pharmacokinetics)}} Pharmacokinetics of Processus vaginalis


| group9 = Genetics, Pharmacogenomics, and Proteinomics of Processus vaginalis | list9 = AND (pharmacogenomics)}} Genetics of Processus vaginalisAND (pharmacogenomics)}} Pharmacogenomics of Processus vaginalisAND (proteomics)}} Proteomics of Processus vaginalis


| group10 = Newstories on Processus vaginalis | list10 = Processus vaginalis in the newsBe alerted to news on Processus vaginalisNews trends on Processus vaginalis


| group11 = Commentary on Processus vaginalis | list11 = Blogs on Processus vaginalis

| group12 = Patient Resources on Processus vaginalis | list12 = Patient resources on Processus vaginalisDiscussion groups on Processus vaginalisPatient Handouts on Processus vaginalisDirections to Hospitals Treating Processus vaginalisRisk calculators and risk factors for Processus vaginalis


| group13 = Healthcare Provider Resources on Processus vaginalis | list13 = Symptoms of Processus vaginalisCauses & Risk Factors for Processus vaginalisDiagnostic studies for Processus vaginalisTreatment of Processus vaginalis

| group14 = Continuing Medical Education (CME) Programs on Processus vaginalis | list14 = CME Programs on Processus vaginalis

| group15 = International Resources on Processus vaginalis | list15 = Processus vaginalis en EspanolProcessus vaginalis en Francais

| group16 = Business Resources on Processus vaginalis | list16 = Processus vaginalis in the MarketplacePatents on Processus vaginalis

| group17 = Informatics Resources on Processus vaginalis | list17 = List of terms related to Processus vaginalis


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