Uveal melanoma history and symptoms

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Simrat Sarai, M.D. [2]


A positive history of pre-existing iris nevus which increased in size, eye pain, visual loss, blurred vision, floaters, age between 50_70 years old, male gender, white race, pregnancy, impaired immune system, light colored-irides, sunlight exposure, trauma, and fluorescent lighting exposure is suggestive of uveal melanoma. The most common symptoms of uveal melanoma include ,eye pain, blurred vision, eye redness, loss of peripheral vision, poor or blurry vision in one eye, a dark spot on the iris, seeing flashing lights, and floaters.

History and Symptoms


Patients with uveal melanoma may have a positive history of:[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

Common Symptoms

Common symptoms of uveal melanoma include:[11][12]

Less Common Symptoms

Less common symptoms of uveal melanoma include:


  1. Egan, Kathleen M.; Seddon, Johanna M.; Glynn, Robert J.; Gragoudas, Evangelos S.; Albert, Daniel M. (1988). "Epidemiologic aspects of uveal melanoma". Survey of Ophthalmology. 32 (4): 239–251. doi:10.1016/0039-6257(88)90173-7. ISSN 0039-6257.
  2. Uveal melanoma. National Cancer Institute(2015) http://www.cancer.gov/types/eye/hp/intraocular-melanoma-treatment-pdq Accessed on October 24 2015
  3. van, J.G.M.; Koopmans, A.E.; Verdijk, R.M.; Naus, N.C.; de, A.; Kilic, E. (2013). "Diagnosis, Histopathologic and Genetic Classification of Uveal Melanoma". doi:10.5772/53631.
  4. Reese, Algernon B. (1944). "Pigment Freckles of the Iris (Benign Melanomas): Their Significance in Relation to Malignant Melanoma of the Uvea⋆". American Journal of Ophthalmology. 27 (3): 217–226. doi:10.1016/S0002-9394(44)91382-6. ISSN 0002-9394.
  5. Siegel, Ralph (1963). "Malignant Ocular Melanoma During Pregnancy". JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association. 185 (6): 542. doi:10.1001/jama.1963.03060060140028. ISSN 0098-7484.
  6. Fisher, M.; Kripke, M. (1982). "Suppressor T lymphocytes control the development of primary skin cancers in ultraviolet-irradiated mice". Science. 216 (4550): 1133–1134. doi:10.1126/science.6210958. ISSN 0036-8075.
  7. "Risk Factors for Ocular Melanoma: Western Canada Melanoma Study<xref ref-type="fn" rid="FN1">2</xref><xref ref-type="fn" rid="FN2">3</xref>". JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 1985. doi:10.1093/jnci/74.4.775. ISSN 1460-2105.
  8. Tucker, Margaret A.; Shields, Jerry A.; Hartge, Patricia; Augsburger, James; Hoover, Robert N.; Fraumeni, Joseph F. (1985). "Sunlight Exposure as Risk Factor for Intraocular Malignant Melanoma". New England Journal of Medicine. 313 (13): 789–792. doi:10.1056/NEJM198509263131305. ISSN 0028-4793.
  9. Baba, F. E.; Blumenkranz, M. (1986). "Malignant Melanoma at the Site of Penetrating Ocular Trauma". Archives of Ophthalmology. 104 (3): 405–409. doi:10.1001/archopht.1986.01050150105038. ISSN 0003-9950.
  10. Beral, Valerie; Shaw, Helen; Evans, Susan; Milton, Gerald (1982). "MALIGNANT MELANOMA AND EXPOSURE TO FLUORESCENT LIGHTING AT WORK". The Lancet. 320 (8293): 290–293. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(82)90270-7. ISSN 0140-6736.
  11. Retinoblastoma. Radiopedia(2015) http://radiopaedia.org/articles/primary-uveal-malignant-melanoma Accessed on October 21, 2015
  12. Jovanovic P, Mihajlovic M, Djordjevic-Jocic J, Vlajkovic S, Cekic S, Stefanovic V (2013). "Ocular melanoma: an overview of the current status". Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 6 (7): 1230–44. PMC 3693189. PMID 23826405.