|IUPAC name||Tungsten hexacarbonyl|
|Other names||Hexacarbonyltungsten, Tungsten carbonyl|
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|Molar mass||351.90 g/mol|
|Density||2.65 g/cm3, solid|
|Solubility||Sparingly in THF|
|Main hazards||Flammable (F), CO source|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for|
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references
Tungsten hexacarbonyl (also called tungsten carbonyl) is the chemical compound with the formula W(CO)6. This complex gave rise to the first example of a dihydrogen complex.
This colorless compound, like its chromum and molybdenum analogues, is noteworthy as a volatile, air-stable derivative of tungsten in its zero oxidation state.
Preparation, properties, and structure
W(CO)6 is prepared by the reduction of WCl6 under a pressure of carbon monoxide. It would be rare to prepare this inexpensive compound in the laboratory because the apparatus is expensive and the compound can be purchased cheaply. The compound is relatively air-stable. It is sparingly soluble in nonpolar organic solvents.
All reactions of W(CO)6 commence with displacement of some CO ligands in W(CO)6. W(CO)6 behaves similarly to the Mo(CO)6 but tends to form compounds that are kinetically more robust.
A most famous derivative is the dihydrogen complex W(CO)3[P(C6H11)3]2(H2) reported in 1982 by Kubas.
Safety and handling
Like all metal carbonyls, W(CO)6 is dangerous source of volatile metal as well as CO.
- Kubas, G. J., Metal Dihydrogen and σ-Bond Complexes, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers: New York, 2001.
- Kubas, G. J. and van der Sluys, L. S., "TricarbonylTris(nitrile) Complexes of Cr, Mo, and W", Inorganic Syntheses, 1990, 28, 29-33.