Tracheomalacia

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Tracheomalacia
ICD-10 Q32.0
ICD-9 519.19, 748.3
DiseasesDB 31858
eMedicine med/2976  ped/2275

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Overview

Tracheomalacia is a condition characterized by flaccidity of the tracheal support cartilage which leads to tracheal collapse especially when increased airflow is demanded.

Classification

There are three types:

Presentation

The trachea normally dilates slightly during inspiration and narrows slightly during expiration. These processes are exaggerated in tracheomalacia, leading to airway collapse on expiration. The usual symptom of tracheomalacia is expiratory stridor or laryngeal crow.

Treatment

Some cases require surgery.[1] Tracheostomy and tracheal stents have been used.

References

  1. van der Zee DC, Bax NM (2007). "Thoracoscopic tracheoaortopexia for the treatment of life-threatening events in tracheomalacia". Surgical endoscopy. 21 (11): 2024–5. doi:10.1007/s00464-007-9250-8. PMID 17356936.



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