Trabeculae carneae

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Trabeculae carneae
Trabeculae carneae 001.jpg
Electron Microscopy: Interior part of the atrium.
A = Trabeculae carneae.
Image courtesy of Professor Peter Anderson DVM PhD and published with permission © PEIR, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Pathology
Latin trabeculae carneae cordis
Gray's subject #138 532
Dorlands/Elsevier t_14/12815113

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Associate Editor-In-Chief: Cafer Zorkun, M.D., Ph.D. [2]


Overview

The trabeculae carneae (columnae carneae or fleshy beams) are rounded or irregular muscular columns which project from the whole of the inner surface of the ventricle, with the exception of the conus arteriosus.

They are of three kinds:

  • some are attached along their entire length on one side and merely form prominent ridges,
  • others are fixed at their extremities but free in the middle,
  • while a third set (musculi papillares) are continuous by their bases with the wall of the ventricle, while their apices give origin to the chordæ tendineæ which pass to be attached to the segments of the tricuspid valve.

The purpose of the trabeculae carnae is most likely to prevent suction that would occur with a flat surfaced membrane and thus impair the heart's ability to pump efficiently.

The trabeculae carnae also serve a similar function to papillary muscles in that their contraction pulls on the chordae tendinae, preventing inversion of the mitral (bicuspid) and tricuspid valves. This prevents backflow of blood from the ventricles into the atriums.

Echocardiographical and Angiographical Demonstration of Trabeculae Carnae

Images shown below are taken from a case report titled "Atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial discordance associated with Ebstein-like displacement of mitral valve"



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This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.



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