Thromboembolism other imaging findings

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Thromboembolism Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Thromboembolism from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


Diagnostic Criteria

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings


Chest X Ray




Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Other Imaging Findings

Contrast Venography

Contrast venography (also called Venography or phlebography) is the definitive test for diagnosing deep venous thrombosis which taken after a special dye is injected into the vein or even bone marrow.

Contrast venography can also help;

  • to distinguish blood clots from obstructions in the veins
  • to evaluate congenital vein problems
  • to evaluate veins prior to treatment of chronic venous insufficiency
  • to control functioning of deep leg vein valves
  • to identify a vein graft for coronary artery bypass surgery

Pulmonary Angiography

Pulmonary angiography (or pulmonary arteriography) is a cardiological medical procedure. Pulmonary arteries are visualized to detect blood clots (such as a pulmonary embolism) or arteriovenous malformations.

The use of pulmonary angiography has been largely replaced by spiral CT in diagnosis of pulmonary embolism.

Ventilation / Perfusion Scan

Ventilation/perfusion scan (or V/Q scan or lung scintigraphy), which shows that some areas of the lung are being ventilated but not perfused with blood (due to obstruction by a clot). This type of examination is used less often because of the more widespread availability of CT technology, however, it may be useful in patients who have an allergy to iodinated contrast or in pregnancy due to lower radiation exposure than CT. * The ventilation/perfusion ratio (V/Q) Scan: The PIOPED data suggests that normal perfusion scans are almost never associated with recurrent pulmonary embolism, even if anticoagulation is withheld.