Temporal fascia

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Temporal fascia
The Temporalis; the zygomatic arch and Masseter have been removed.
Muscles of the head, face, and neck. (Temporal fascia labeled at top center.)
Latin fascia temporalis
Gray's subject #109 386
Dorlands/Elsevier l_02/12476769

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

The temporal fascia covers the Temporalis muscle.

It is a strong, fibrous investment, covered, laterally, by the Auricularis anterior and superior, by the galea aponeurotica, and by part of the Orbicularis oculi.

The superficial temporal vessels and the auriculotemporal nerve cross it from below upward.

Above, it is a single layer, attached to the entire extent of the superior temporal line; but below, where it is fixed to the zygomatic arch, it consists of two layers, one of which is inserted into the lateral, and the other into the medial border of the arch.

A small quantity of fat, the orbital branch of the superficial temporal artery, and a filament from the zygomatic branch of the maxillary nerve, are contained between these two layers.

It affords attachment by its deep surface to the superficial fibers of the Temporalis.

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This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.