|Peach tree (Prunus persica) attacked by Taphrina deformans|
Peach tree (Prunus persica) attacked by Taphrina deformans
Taphrinomycotina is one of three subphyla constituting the Ascomycota (fungi that form their spores in a sac-like ascus) and is more or less synonymous with the slightly older invalid name Archiascomycetes (sometimes spelled Archaeascomycetes). Recent molecular studies suggest that the group is monophyletic and basal to the rest of the Ascomycota.
The Taphrinomycetes are dimorphic plant parasites (e.g. Taphrina) with both a yeast state and a filamentous (hyphal) state in infected plants. They characteristically infect leaves, catkins and branches, not roots.
The Neolectomycetes are species in a single genus, Neolecta, which are the only members of the subphylum that form fruiting bodies, and which specifically grow out of root tips. They may have a yeast state (ascospores bud in the asci).
None have ascogenous hyphae giving rise to the asci.
- Eriksson, O.E. & K. Winka (1997). "Supraordinal taxa of Ascomycota". Myconet. 1: 1–16.
- Lutzoni, F.; et al. (2004). "Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits". Amer. J. Bot. 91: 1446–1480.
- James, T.Y.; et al. (2006). "Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny". Nature. 443: 818–822. PMID 17051209.
- The Oregon Coalition of Interdisciplinary Databases: "Archiascomycetes: Early Diverging Ascomycetes"