Superior gluteal nerve
|Nerve: Superior gluteal nerve|
|Nerves of the right lower extremity. Posterior view.|
|Plan of sacral and pudendal plexuses. (Superior gluteal labeled at upper left.)|
|Latin||nervus gluteus superior|
|Gray's||subject #213 659|
|Innervates||gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, tensor fasciæ latæ|
|From||sacral plexus (L4-S1)|
The superior gluteal nerve originates in the sacral plexus. It arises from the dorsal divisions of the fourth and fifth lumbar and first sacral nerves: it leaves the pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen above the piriformis, accompanied by the superior gluteal artery and the superior gluteal vein. It then divides into a superior and an inferior branch.
- The superior branch accompanies the upper branch of the deep division of the superior gluteal artery and ends in the gluteus minimus.
- The inferior branch runs with the lower branch of the deep division of the superior gluteal artery across the gluteus minimus; it gives filaments to the gluteus medius and minimus, and ends in the tensor fasciae latae.
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