Sodium formate

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Template:Chembox E numberTemplate:Chembox SolubilityInWater
Sodium formate
Other names formic acid, sodium salt
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Molar mass 68.01 g/mol
Appearance white granules
Density 1.92 g/cm³, solid (20°C)
Melting point
Boiling point
Acidity (pKa) 7.0-8.5 (0.1M)
EU classification {{{value}}}
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Sodium formate, HCOONa, is the sodium salt of formic acid, HCOOH. It usually appears as a white deliquescent powder.


Sodium formate is used in several fabric dying and printing processes. It is also used as a buffering agent for strong mineral acids to increase their pH.


Sodium formate can be prepared in the laboratory by neutralizing formic acid with sodium carbonate. It can also be obtained by reacting chloroform with an alcoholic solution of sodium hydroxide.

CHCl3 + 4NaOH → HCOONa + 3NaCl + 2H2O

or by reacting sodium hydroxide with chloral hydrate.

C2HCl3(OH)2 + NaOHCHCl3 + HCOONa + H2O

The latter method is generally preferred to the former because the low aqueous solubility of CHCl3 makes it easier to separate out from the sodium formate solution, by fractional crystallization, than the soluble NaCl would be.

Commercially sodium formate is produced by absorbing carbon monoxide under pressure in solid sodium hydroxide at 160 °C


See also


de:Natriumformiat it:Formiato di sodio fi:Natriumformiaatti