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Virus classification
Group: Group I (dsDNA)
Family: Rudivirus

The Rudivirus or Rudiviridae family consists of a family of viruses[1] that infect archaea bacteria[2]. They share characteristics from the Lipothrixviridae family and both have are filamentous viruses with linear dsDNA genomes that infect thermophilic[3] archaea in the kingdom Crenarchaeota[4]. Rudiviridae are non-enveloped[5].

Replication and topology of the genomes of the members of the family Rudiviridae are similar to those of poxviruses[6][7][8]


  1. George Rice, Kenneth Stedman, Jamie Snyder, Blake Wiedenheft, Debbie Willits, Susan Brumfield, Timothy McDermott, and Mark J. Young "Viruses from extreme thermal environments" Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 November 6; 98(23): 13341–13345. Published online 2001 October 23.
  2. Zillig, W., Prangishvili, D., Schleper, C., Elferink, M., Holz, I., Albers, S., Janekovic, D. and Götz, D. (1996). Viruses, plasmids and other genetic elements of thermophilic and hyperthermophilic Archaea. FEMS Microbiol. Rev., 18, 225-236
  3. Marc Abella, Sonia Rodríguez, Sonia Paytubi, Susana Campoy, Malcolm F. White, and Jordi Barbé "The Sulfolobus solfataricus radA paralogue sso0777 is DNA damage inducible and positively regulated by the Sta1 protein" Nucleic Acids Res. 2007 November; 35(20): 6788–6797. Published online 2007 November.
  4. Prangishvili, D., Stedman, K. and Zillig, W. (2001). Viruses of the extremely thermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus. Trends Microbiol., 9, 39-43.
  5. Jenny Keller, Nicolas Leulliot, Christian Cambillau, Valérie Campanacci, Stéphanie Porciero, David Prangishvili, Patrick Forterre, Diego Cortez, Sophie Quevillon-Cheruel, and Herman van Tilbeurgh "Crystal structure of AFV3-109, a highly conserved protein from crenarchaeal viruses" Virol J. 2007; 4: 12. Published online 2007 January 22. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-4-12.
  6. Blum, H., Zillig, W., Mallok, S., Domdey, H. and Prangishvili, D. (2001). The genome of the archaeal virus SIRV1 has features in common with genomes of eukaryal viruses. Virology, 281, 6-9.
  7. Alexandra Kessler, Arie B. Brinkman, John van der Oost, and David Prangishvili "Transcription of the Rod-Shaped Viruses SIRV1 and SIRV2 of the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Sulfolobus" J Bacteriol. 2004 November; 186(22): 7745–7753. doi: 10.1128/JB.186.22.7745-7753.2004.
  8. Alexandra Kessler, Guennadi Sezonov, J. Iñaki Guijarro, Nicole Desnoues, Thierry Rose, Muriel Delepierre, Stephen D. Bell, and David Prangishvili "A novel archaeal regulatory protein, Sta1, activates transcription from viral promoters." Nucleic Acids Res. 2006 October; 34(17): 4837–4845. Published online 2006 August 14.