RNase PH

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Ribonuclease PH
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Structure of the RNase PH hexamer
Identifiers
SymbolRNASEPH
Other data
EC number2.7.7.56

RNase PH is an 3'-5' exoribonuclease and nucleotidyltransferase, present in archaebacteria and eubacteria, that is involved in tRNA processing. Contrary to hydrolytic enzymes, it is a phosphorolytic enzyme, meaning that it uses inorganic phosphate as a cofactor to cleave nucleotide-nucleotide bonds, releasing diphosphate nucleotides. The active structure of the proteins is actually a homohexameric complex, consisting of three RNase PH dimers. [1] RNase PH has homologues in many other organisms, which are referred to as RNase PH-like proteins. When a part of another larger protein has a domain that is very similar to RNase PH, this is called an RNase PH domain (RPD).

See also

Two highly related exoribonuclease complexes:

References

  1. Ishii; et al. (2003). "Crystal structure of the tRNA processing enzyme RNase PH from Aquifex aeolicus". J Biol Chem. 278: 32397–404. PMID 12746447.

External links




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