Pythium oligandrum

Jump to: navigation, search
Pythium oligandrum
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked) Chromista
Phylum: Heterokontophyta
Class: Oomycetes
Order: Pythiales
Family: Pythiaceae
Genus: Pythium
Species: P. oligandrum

Pythium oligandrum is an Oomycete. It is a parasite of many fungi and other oomycetes including Botrytis, Fusarium and Phytophthora. It has been licensed as a biocontrol agent in the form of an oospore soil treatment, which reduces pathogen load and concomitant plant disease.

P. oligandrum can grow within the roots of certain plants, including tomato and sugar beet. Production of auxin-like substances stimulate plant growth. Defense responses can be induced in the plant, which primes the plant from further infection by pathogenic fungi, oomycetes or bacteria.

References

Brozova, J. Exploitation of the mycoparasitic fungus Pythium oligandrum in plant protection. Plant Protection Science. 38:29-35 (2002)

Picard,K., Tirilly,Y. and Benhamou,N. (2000) Cytological effects of cellulases in the parasitism of Phytophthora parasitica by Pythium oligandrum. Appl.Environ.Microbiol., 66, 4305-4314.

Le Floch,G., Rey,P., Benizri,E., Benhamou,N. and Tirilly,Y. (2003) Impact of auxin-compounds produced by the antagonistic fungus Pythium oligandrum or the minor pathogen Pythium group F on plant growth. Plant Soil, 257, 459-470.


Linked-in.jpg