Polymyositis and dermatomyositis secondary prevention

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sadaf Sharfaei M.D.[2]


Effective measures for the secondary prevention of polymyositis and dermatomyositis include regular follow ups, malignancy screening, pulmonary protection, lifestyle modification, and prevention of medication-induced complications.

Secondary Prevention


  1. Aggarwal, Rohit; Rider, Lisa G.; Ruperto, Nicolino; Bayat, Nastaran; Erman, Brian; Feldman, Brian M.; Oddis, Chester V.; Amato, Anthony A.; Chinoy, Hector; Cooper, Robert G.; Dastmalchi, Maryam; Fiorentino, David; Isenberg, David; Katz, James D.; Mammen, Andrew; de Visser, Marianne; Ytterberg, Steven R.; Lundberg, Ingrid E.; Chung, Lorinda; Danko, Katalin; García-De la Torre, Ignacio; Song, Yeong Wook; Villa, Luca; Rinaldi, Mariangela; Rockette, Howard; Lachenbruch, Peter A.; Miller, Frederick W.; Vencovsky, Jiri (2017). "2016 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism Criteria for Minimal, Moderate, and Major Clinical Response in Adult Dermatomyositis and Polymyositis: An International Myositis Assessment and Clinical Studies Group/Paediatric Rheu". Arthritis & Rheumatology. 69 (5): 898–910. doi:10.1002/art.40064. ISSN 2326-5191.
  2. Khan, Sabiha; Christopher-Stine, Lisa (2011). "Polymyositis, Dermatomyositis, and Autoimmune Necrotizing Myopathy: Clinical Features". Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America. 37 (2): 143–158. doi:10.1016/j.rdc.2011.01.001. ISSN 0889-857X.
  3. Dobloug, Cecilie; Garen, Torhild; Bitter, Helle; Stjärne, Johan; Stenseth, Guri; Grøvle, Lars; Sem, Marthe; Gran, Jan Tore; Molberg, Øyvind (2015). "Prevalence and clinical characteristics of adult polymyositis and dermatomyositis; data from a large and unselected Norwegian cohort". Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 74 (8): 1551–1556. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-205127. ISSN 0003-4967.
  4. Chinoy, H.; Fertig, N.; Oddis, C. V; Ollier, W. E R; Cooper, R. G (2007). "The diagnostic utility of myositis autoantibody testing for predicting the risk of cancer-associated myositis". Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 66 (10): 1345–1349. doi:10.1136/ard.2006.068502. ISSN 0003-4967.
  5. Dalakas, Marinos C; Hohlfeld, Reinhard (2003). "Polymyositis and dermatomyositis". The Lancet. 362 (9388): 971–982. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(03)14368-1. ISSN 0140-6736.
  6. Douglas, William W.; Tazelaar, Henry D.; Hartman, Thomas E.; Hartman, Robert P.; Decker, Paul A.; Schroeder, Darrell R.; Ryu, Jay H. (2001). "Polymyositis–Dermatomyositis-associated Interstitial Lung Disease". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 164 (7): 1182–1185. doi:10.1164/ajrccm.164.7.2103110. ISSN 1073-449X.
  7. Tiniakou, Eleni; Mammen, Andrew L. (2015). "Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies and Malignancy: a Comprehensive Review". Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology. 52 (1): 20–33. doi:10.1007/s12016-015-8511-x. ISSN 1080-0549.