Pneumococcal infections history and symptoms

Jump to: navigation, search

Pneumococcal infections Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Pneumococcal infections from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Chest X Ray

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy


Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Pneumococcal infections history and symptoms On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides


American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Pneumococcal infections history and symptoms

All Images
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Pneumococcal infections history and symptoms

CDC on Pneumococcal infections history and symptoms

Pneumococcal infections history and symptoms in the news

Blogs on Pneumococcal infections history and symptoms

Directions to Hospitals Treating Pneumococcal infections

Risk calculators and risk factors for Pneumococcal infections history and symptoms

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

History and Symptoms

Symptoms include new or increased muscular weakness, pain in the muscles, and fatigue.[1] Fatigue is often the most disabling symptom, as often even slight exertion can produce disabling fatigue and also increase other symptoms.[2]

Some post-polio patients report having memory problems, or various other cognitive difficulties that are difficult to distinguish from normal aging. Some physicians have suspected that post-polio patients have an increased sensitivity to anesthetics, but rigorous work on the subject remains to be done. Weight gain is also a frequently noted symptom, though it is hard to tell if this is due to the disorder directly or due to the decreased level of physical activity that usually accompanies the disorder.

Increased activity during intervening healthy years between the original infection and onset of PPS can amplify the symptoms. Thus, contracting poliomyelitis at a young age can result in particularly disabling PPS symptoms.[3]


  1. Trojan D, Cashman N (2005). "Post-poliomyelitis syndrome". Muscle Nerve. 31 (1): 6–19. PMID 15599928.
  2. Jubelt B, Agre JC (2000). "Characteristics and management of postpolio syndrome". JAMA. 284 (4): 412–4. PMID 10904484.
  3. Howard RS (2005). "Poliomyelitis and the postpolio syndrome". BMJ. 330 (7503): 1314–8. doi:10.1136/bmj.330.7503.1314. PMC 558211. PMID 15933355. Retrieved 24 December 2008. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)