Phosphatidylinositol (abbreviated PtdIns, or PI) is a minor phospholipid component in the cytosolic side of eukaryotic cell membranes. Being an amphiphile, this molecule possesses polymorphic behaviour, that is currently a topic of research in academic study.
This hexahydric alcohol exists as its stereoisomer - myo-inositol.
Upon hydrolysis, they yield 1 mole of glycerol, 2 moles of fatty acid, 1 mole of inositol and 1, 2, or 3 moles of phosphoric acids.
They are regarded to be the most acidic of all the phospholipids.
It is the substrate for a large number of enzymes which are involved in cell signaling because it can be phosphorylated by a variety of kinases on the hydroxyl groups 3, 4 and 5 on the inositol ring in seven different combinations.
Hydroxyl group two and six can probably not be phosphoroylated because of steric hindrance.
All seven variations have been found in animals but only six in plant cells (not phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate..
- Muller-Roeber B, Pical C (2002). Inositol Phospholipid Metabolism in Arabidopsis. Characterized and Putative Isoforms of Inositol Phospholipid Kinase and Phosphoinositide-Specific Phospholipase C. Unknown parameter
- PI 3-kinase
- Inositol phosphate
- Phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate
- Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate
- Phosphatidylinositol (3,4)-bisphosphate
- Phosphatidylinositol (3,5)-bisphosphate
- Phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate
- Inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate
- Phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate
- inositol pentakisphosphate
- inositol hexaphosphate
- inositol triphosphate receptor
- Inositol chair.png
- Phosphatidylinositols at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
- Phosphatidylinositol at Lipid Library
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