Palatine bone

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Bone: Palatine bone
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Permanent teeth of upper dental arch, seen from below. (Horizontal part of palatine bone visible at bottom.)
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Sagittal section of skull. (Palatine bone is labeled at bottom left.)
Gray's subject #41 166
MeSH Palatine+Bone

The palatine bone is a bone in the palate (Latin palatum; unrelated to palatium 'palace', from which other senses of palatine derive).

Anatomy

It is situated at the back part of the nasal cavity between the maxilla and the pterygoid process of the sphenoid.

It contributes to the walls of three cavities: the floor and lateral wall of the nasal cavity, the roof of the mouth, and the floor of the orbit; it enters into the formation of two fossæ, the pterygopalatine and pterygoid fossæ; and one fissure, the inferior orbital fissure.

The palatine bone somewhat resembles the letter L, and consists of a Horizontal plate of palatine bone and a Perpendicular plate of palatine bone and three outstanding processes—viz., the Pyramidal process of palatine bone, which is directed backward and lateralward from the junction of the two parts, and the Orbital process of palatine bone and Sphenoidal process of palatine bone, which surmount the vertical part, and are separated by a deep notch, the sphenopalatine notch.

Articulations

The palatine articulates with six bones: the sphenoid, ethmoid, maxilla, inferior nasal concha, vomer and opposite palatine.

Additional images

See also

Sources and references

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.

de:Gaumenbein it:Osso palatino la:Os palatinum lt:Gomurikaulis sk:Podnebná kosť sl:Nebnica sr:Непчана кост uk:Піднебінна кістка