Orbital septum

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Orbital septum
Latin septum orbitale
Gray's subject #227 1026
Dorlands/Elsevier s_08/12730514

The orbital septum (palpebral ligament) is a membranous sheet that acts as the anterior boundary of the orbit. It extends from the orbital rims to the eyelids.

In the upper eyelid it blends with the tendon of the Levator palpebræ superioris, and in the lower eyelid with the tarsal plate.[1]

Medially it is thin, and, becoming separated from the medial palpebral ligament, attaches to the lacrimal bone at its posterior crest.

The septum is perforated by the vessels and nerves which pass from the orbital cavity to the face and scalp.

With age the septum may weaken, and as a result orbital fat may herniate forwards. The operation to correct this is called blepharoplasty.


  1. Meyer DR, Linberg JV, Wobig JL, et al: Anatomy of the orbital septum and associated eyelid connective tissues. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 7:104, 1991

External links

  • MedEd at Loyola grossanatomy/dissector/labs/h_n/orbit/main.html
  • Brémond-Gignac D, Deplus S, Cussenot O, Lassau J (1994). "Anatomic study of the orbital septum (22.10.93)". Surg Radiol Anat. 16 (1): 121–4. PMID 8047962.
  • Diagram at drmeronk.com

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.