Myotome

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Myotome
Gray65.png
Scheme showing the manner in which each vertebral centrum is developed from portions of two adjacent segments. (Myotome labeled in upper right.)
Gray64.png
Transverse section of a human embryo of the third week to show the differentiation of the primitive segment. ao. Aorta. m.p. Muscle-plate. n.c. Neural canal. sc. Sclerotome. s.p. cutis-plate. ("Muscle-plate" is an older term for "myotome.")
Gray's subject #17 80
Carnegie stage 13/14
Precursor somite
Gives rise to muscle
Dorlands/Elsevier m_25/12556517

In vertebrate embryonic development, a myotome is a group of tissues formed from somites that develop into the body wall muscle.

Each myotome divides into a dorsal epaxial part and a ventral hypaxial part.

The epaxial muscle mass loses its segmental character to form the extensor muscles of the neck and trunk.

The myoblasts from the hypaxial division form the muscles of the thoracic and anterior abdominal walls.

The term "myotome" is also used to describe the muscles served by a single nerve.[1] It is the motor equivalent of a dermatome.

References

  1. myotome at eMedicine Dictionary

External links


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