Mesoionic

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Mesoionic chemical compounds are dipolar five- or six- membered heterocyclic compounds in which both the negative and the positive charges are delocalized. A completely uncharged structure cannot be written and mesoionic compounds cannot be represented satisfactorily by any one mesomeric structure.

The formal positive charge is associated with the ring atoms and the formal negative charge is associated either with ring atoms or an exocyclic nitrogen atom.

Mesoionic compounds are a subclass of betaines. Examples are sydnones and sydnone imines such as the stimulant mesocarb.

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