Megaloblastic anemia (patient information)
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|Megaloblastic anemia (patient information)|
|ICD-10||D51.1, D52.0, D53.1|
Megaloblastic anemia is a blood disorder in which there is anemia with larger-than-normal red blood cells.
Anemia is a condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells provide oxygen to body tissues.
What are the symptoms of Megaloblastic anemia?
- People with mild anemia may have no symptoms, or symptoms may be very mild.
- More typical symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency anemia include:
What causes Megaloblastic anemia?
- Megaloblastic anemia is usually caused by a deficiency of folic acid or vitamin B12.
- Other less common causes are:
Who is at highest risk?
Risk factors relate to the causes.
When to seek urgent medical care?
Call your health care provider if you have any of the symptoms of anemia.
- A physical exam may show problems with reflexes or a positive Babinski reflex.
- The following tests may be done:
- Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) to examine the stomach, or enteroscopy to examine the small intestine may be done.
- Bone marrow biopsy is done only when the diagnosis is not clear.
Where to find medical care for Megaloblastic anemia?
What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?
Anemia usually responds well to treatment within 2 months.