Meckel's diverticulum other imaging findings
Meckel's diverticulum Microchapters
Meckel's diverticulum other imaging findings On the Web
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Meckel's diverticulum other imaging findings
A technetium-99m (99mTc) pertechnetate scan is the investigation of choice for the diagnosis of Meckel's diverticulum. This scan detects gastric mucosa; since approximately 50% of symptomatic Meckel's diverticula have ectopic gastric (stomach) cells contained within them. A Meckel's diverticulum containing gastric mucosa manifests as a small rounded area of increased activity in the right lower quadrant, while normal activity simultaneously appears in the stomach.
Other Imaging Findings
Technetium-99m pertechnetate radioisotope scanning
- September 2014: Guidelines for the Scintigraphy for Meckel’s diverticulum were laid down by:
- Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI)
- European Association for Nuclear Medicine (EANM)
- Technetium-99m pertechnetate scanning helps in the detection of a symptomatic bleeding Meckel’s diverticulum.
- It is preferred as the investigation of choice for the diagnosis of Meckel's diverticula in children due to the following features:
- Technetium-99m pertechnetate scanning is not preferred in adults as false negative rates are high with specificity of 9% and sensitivity of 62%.
- Indications of Meckel's scan:
- False-positives are seen in the following conditions:
- On intravenous administration, the Technetium-99m pertechnetate radioisotope is taken up by the gastric mucosa.
- In order to obtain a positive result, at least 1.8 cm2 of ectopic gastric mucosa in Meckel's diverticulum is required.
- A Meckel's diverticulum containing gastric mucosa manifests as a small rounded area of increased activity in the right lower quadrant.
- Normal activity simultaneously appears in the stomach.
- Technetium-99m pertechnetate scanning requires 30 images, taken at 1-minute intervals to demonstrate terminal ileum activity.
- The use of Pentagastrin in Technetium-99m pertechnetate scanning has a synergistic effect:
- Role of Pentagastrin:
- Agents promoting retention of 99m technetium pertechnetate:
- Angiography may assist in determining the location and severity of bleeding in case of a bleeding Meckel's diverticulum.
- In patients presenting with acute GI bleeding, superior mesenteric angiography is effective if blood loss exceeds 0.5 mL/min(brisk bleeding).
- Conventional contrast mesenteric arteriography has the following indications:
- If a source of gastrointestinal bleeding is brisk and may require transfusion
- If the source has not been identified using other imaging modalities
- In patients with ongoing hemorrhage, active contrast extravasation may be visible
- Detection of an anomalous branch of the superior mesenteric artery that feeds the diverticulum. This anomalous branch usually has the following features:
- Non branching
- Terminates in irregular, small branches after traversing the mesentery
- High-resolution CT angiography is preferred in patients when bleeding is less brisk (as little as 0.3 mL/minute).
- CT angiography may help detect active signs of bleeding diverticulum, that may be undetectable with other modalities such as
Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT fusion imaging
- The role of Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT fusion imaging as a diagnostic modality is currently under exploration.
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