Jump to navigation Jump to search

WikiDoc Resources for Malate


Most recent articles on Malate

Most cited articles on Malate

Review articles on Malate

Articles on Malate in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ


Powerpoint slides on Malate

Images of Malate

Photos of Malate

Podcasts & MP3s on Malate

Videos on Malate

Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Malate

Bandolier on Malate

TRIP on Malate

Clinical Trials

Ongoing Trials on Malate at Clinical

Trial results on Malate

Clinical Trials on Malate at Google

Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Malate

NICE Guidance on Malate


FDA on Malate

CDC on Malate


Books on Malate


Malate in the news

Be alerted to news on Malate

News trends on Malate


Blogs on Malate


Definitions of Malate

Patient Resources / Community

Patient resources on Malate

Discussion groups on Malate

Patient Handouts on Malate

Directions to Hospitals Treating Malate

Risk calculators and risk factors for Malate

Healthcare Provider Resources

Symptoms of Malate

Causes & Risk Factors for Malate

Diagnostic studies for Malate

Treatment of Malate

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME Programs on Malate


Malate en Espanol

Malate en Francais


Malate in the Marketplace

Patents on Malate

Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Malate

For the district in Manila, see Malate, Manila.


Malic acid. Malate is ionized form.

Malate (OOC-CH2-CH(OH)-COO) is the ionized form of malic acid. It is an important chemical compound in biochemistry. In the C4 carbon fixation process, malate is a source of CO2 in the Calvin cycle.

In the citric acid cycle, (S)-malate is an intermediate formed by the addition of an -OH group on the si face of fumarate; it can also be formed from pyruvate via anaplerotic reactions. Malate dehydrogenase catalyzes the reversible conversion of malate into oxaloacetate using NAD as a cofactor.

Malate is also produced from starch in guard cells of plant leaves. A build up of malate leads to a low water potential. Water then flows into the guard cells causing the stoma to open. However, this process does not always induce the opening of stomas.

See also

Template:Citric acid cycle


Template:WikiDoc Sources