MED12

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Location (UCSC)n/an/a
PubMed searchn/an/a
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Mediator of RNA polymerase II transcription, subunit 12 homolog (S. cerevisiae), also known as MED12, is a human gene found on the X chromosome.[1]

Clinical significance

Mutations in MED12 are responsible for at least two different forms of X-linked dominant mental retardation, Lujan-Fryns syndrome and FG syndrome, as well as instances of prostate cancer.[2]

Mutations in MED12 are associated with uterine leiomyomas [3] and breast fibroepithelial tumors (e.g. fibroadenoma and phyllodes tumors).[4]

Interactions

MED12 has been shown to interact with:

References

  1. "Entrez Gene: MED12 mediator of RNA polymerase II transcription, subunit 12 homolog (S. cerevisiae)".
  2. Barbieri CE, Baca SC, Lawrence MS, Demichelis F, Blattner M, Theurillat JP, White TA, Stojanov P, Van Allen E, Stransky N, Nickerson E, Chae SS, Boysen G, Auclair D, Onofrio RC, Park K, Kitabayashi N, MacDonald TY, Sheikh K, Vuong T, Guiducci C, Cibulskis K, Sivachenko A, Carter SL, Saksena G, Voet D, Hussain WM, Ramos AH, Winckler W, Redman MC, Ardlie K, Tewari AK, Mosquera JM, Rupp N, Wild PJ, Moch H, Morrissey C, Nelson PS, Kantoff PW, Gabriel SB, Golub TR, Meyerson M, Lander ES, Getz G, Rubin MA, Garraway LA (Jun 2012). "Exome sequencing identifies recurrent SPOP, FOXA1 and MED12 mutations in prostate cancer" (PDF). Nature Genetics. 44 (6): 685–9. doi:10.1038/ng.2279. PMC 3673022. PMID 22610119.
  3. Kämpjärvi K, Park MJ, Mehine M, Kim NH, Clark AD, Bützow R, Böhling T, Böhm J, Mecklin JP, Järvinen H, Tomlinson IP, van der Spuy ZM, Sjöberg J, Boyer TG, Vahteristo P (Sep 2014). "Mutations in Exon 1 highlight the role of MED12 in uterine leiomyomas". Human Mutation. 35 (9): 1136–41. doi:10.1002/humu.22612. PMID 24980722.
  4. Piscuoglio S, Murray M, Fusco N, Marchiò C, Loo FL, Martelotto LG, Schultheis AM, Akram M, Weigelt B, Brogi E, Reis-Filho JS (Nov 2015). "MED12 somatic mutations in fibroadenomas and phyllodes tumours of the breast". Histopathology. 67 (5): 719–29. doi:10.1111/his.12712. PMC 4996373. PMID 25855048.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ito M, Yuan CX, Malik S, Gu W, Fondell JD, Yamamura S, Fu ZY, Zhang X, Qin J, Roeder RG (Mar 1999). "Identity between TRAP and SMCC complexes indicates novel pathways for the function of nuclear receptors and diverse mammalian activators". Molecular Cell. 3 (3): 361–70. doi:10.1016/S1097-2765(00)80463-3. PMID 10198638.
  6. Kitagawa H, Fujiki R, Yoshimura K, Mezaki Y, Uematsu Y, Matsui D, Ogawa S, Unno K, Okubo M, Tokita A, Nakagawa T, Ito T, Ishimi Y, Nagasawa H, Matsumoto T, Yanagisawa J, Kato S (Jun 2003). "The chromatin-remodeling complex WINAC targets a nuclear receptor to promoters and is impaired in Williams syndrome". Cell. 113 (7): 905–17. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(03)00436-7. PMID 12837248.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Kang YK, Guermah M, Yuan CX, Roeder RG (Mar 2002). "The TRAP/Mediator coactivator complex interacts directly with estrogen receptors alpha and beta through the TRAP220 subunit and directly enhances estrogen receptor function in vitro". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 99 (5): 2642–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.261715899. PMC 122401. PMID 11867769.
  8. Wallberg AE, Yamamura S, Malik S, Spiegelman BM, Roeder RG (Nov 2003). "Coordination of p300-mediated chromatin remodeling and TRAP/mediator function through coactivator PGC-1alpha". Molecular Cell. 12 (5): 1137–49. doi:10.1016/S1097-2765(03)00391-5. PMID 14636573.
  9. Sato S, Tomomori-Sato C, Parmely TJ, Florens L, Zybailov B, Swanson SK, Banks CA, Jin J, Cai Y, Washburn MP, Conaway JW, Conaway RC (Jun 2004). "A set of consensus mammalian mediator subunits identified by multidimensional protein identification technology". Molecular Cell. 14 (5): 685–91. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2004.05.006. PMID 15175163.
  10. Zhou R, Bonneaud N, Yuan CX, de Santa Barbara P, Boizet B, Schomber T, Scherer G, Roeder RG, Poulat F, Berta P, Tibor S (Jul 2002). "SOX9 interacts with a component of the human thyroid hormone receptor-associated protein complex". Nucleic Acids Research. 30 (14): 3245–52. doi:10.1093/nar/gkf443. PMC 135763. PMID 12136106.

Further reading

External links


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