Isocitrate lyase

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In enzymology, an isocitrate lyase (EC 4.1.3.1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

isocitrate succinate + glyoxylate

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, isocitrate, and two products, succinate and glyoxylate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the oxo-acid-lyases, which cleave carbon-carbon bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is isocitrate glyoxylate-lyase (succinate-forming). Other names in common use include isocitrase, isocitritase, isocitratase, threo-Ds-isocitrate glyoxylate-lyase, and isocitrate glyoxylate-lyase. This enzyme participates in glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism.

Structural studies

As of late 2007, 5 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1DQU, 1F61, 1F8I, 1F8M, and 1IGW.

References

  • IUBMB entry for 4.1.3.1
  • BRENDA references for 4.1.3.1 (Recommended.)
  • PubMed references for 4.1.3.1
  • PubMed Central references for 4.1.3.1
  • Google Scholar references for 4.1.3.1
  • McFadden BA and Howes WV (1963). "Crystallisation and some properties of isocitrate lyase from Pseudomonas indigofera". J. Biol. Chem. 238: 1737&ndash, 1742.
  • Shiio I, Shiio T and McFadden BA (1965). "Isocitrate lyase from Pseudomonas indigofera. I. Preparation, amino acid composition and molecular weight". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 96: 114&ndash, 122.
  • VICKERY HB (1962). "A suggested new nomenclature for the isomers of isocitric acid". J. Biol. Chem. 237: 1739&ndash, 41. PMID 13925783.

External links

The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is 9045-78-7.

Gene Ontology (GO) codes


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